About Project Excellence (Project X)
Based in Kitchener Ontario, Project X was developed in 2001 with 30 years in construction, becoming skilled and experienced through a wide variety of construction projects; From home renovations, repairs and maintenance, landscaping projects, to concrete repair and resurfacing and most all custom concrete projects. This is why we are called Project X; we can undertake practically any project. Challenging new projects are welcome.
Having an eye for detail, in every stage of construction using industrial and commercial engineering, giving you a near perfect product, that I can be proud of as well as you the customer. My reputation relies on a meticulous work ethic. Expect stunning results, with a level of detail and quality that will bring pride of ownership and long term satisfaction.
Photo gallery contains all projects built by Project X. During consultation you can view most projects from start to finish in our more thorough portfolio. View our Photo Gallery.
About Building Materials
Building materials are an important aspect of your project, using the wrong products or sub standard materials limits the life of your project or jeopardize the quality. I knowingly use only the best materials, selected from suppliers that carry the quality materials necessary to complete the project properly.
About Specific Concrete Repair Mortars - Color Coatings & Stains
All concrete products come from specialized and reliable suppliers, that supply these products to make the project a better build, longer lasting and products that beautify with color coatings, stains,and sealants that color coordinate with your landscaping and home exterior and decor. These products have been scientifically designed to stand far above most other products sold by box stores and markets that target regular consumers. These products are sold to industrial and custom commercial contractors that solve or answer special needs that are required by the customer. These products aren't used by most contractors as these products are for most complicated to use or have specific directions of use, that many haven't the experience to use them properly, which could result in a project gone bad.
Concrete is a construction material that consists of cement (commonly known as Portland cement) as well as other cementums materials such as fly ash and slag cement, aggregate (generally a coarse aggregate such as gravel, river rock gravel, limestone or granite, plus a fine aggregate such as sand or manufactured sand and water) and chemical admixtures.
Many people call concrete "cement." This is like calling a cake "flour." Cement to concrete is like flour to cake. Flour is certainly a requisite ingredient and goes far in making the cake - cake; but flour is only a part of the formula. Cement is the same way. It is a VITAL ingredient in concrete but it is only a part of the entire composition of concrete. What is IMPORTANT to know is that cement is like the "glue" that bonds everything else together. If you want strong concrete that does not crack (if control joints are spaced correctly), then add more cement or increase the PSI (pounds per square inch of compressive strength), of the concrete.
For residential applications 3000 PSI is the norm. Concrete solidifies and hardens after mixing and placement due to a chemical process known as hydration. The water reacts with the cement, which bonds the other components together, eventually creating a stone-like material. It is used to make pavements, architectural structures, foundations, motorways/roads, overpasses, parking structures, brick/block walls and footings for gates, fences and poles. Concrete is the NUMBER ONE material in the world used for building, roads, infrastructure, buildings, dams, and any type of construction requiring strength over time. Concrete is used more than any other man-made material on the planet.. As of 2010 about eight billion cubic meters of concrete are made each year, which equals one cubic meter for every person on Earth.
More than 65,000 miles of freeways and highways are made of this material not to mention that over 95% of buildings have some concrete in their design or structure. Concrete is the number one material for foundations for both residential and commercial buildings, structures, high-rises, bridge supports and anything requiring a solid foundation.
The vast majority of people don't know the importance of steel reinforcement. The amount of steel or rebar you put in the concrete has a direct correlation to the strength of the concrete, putting rebar, wire mess or various types of fibers into the concrete controls expansion and contraction which is one reason why concrete can crack.
When placing a "slab on grade application" like a driveway or patio, walk, etc. - the ultimate strength of the concrete is based upon how solid the grade is upon which it is placed. It is very important to prep your base to proper compaction. Think about putting concrete on sand as opposed to putting it on a solid base. That's why on commercial jobs as well as on freeways, streets and any commercial roadway - the sub-grade is developed extensively prior to placement of the concrete.
What reinforcement does on slab on grade application, is to prevent the expansion of a crack once a crack has developed!
In the final analysis, the strength is based upon what the concrete is placed on as well as the ultimate strength of the concrete initially. If the sub-grade is not solid, then one cannot expect the concrete to have a solid foundation and the concrete will mirror whatever it is placed on. For example, if there is a problem with the sub-grade, expect to see problems with the concrete on top. Many people experience this when they see the concrete "shift" or fall and or crack indiscriminately.
Where concrete slabs are suspended for example, balconies, big and small bridges, pillars and posts supporting weight, rebar reinforcement is used to reinforce concrete, it can be placed on 12, 14, 16, or 18 inch centers, rebar comes in many different thickness which would be relevant to the calculation of forces including weight and various stresses on it or around it.
There are different types of rebar, regular steel rebar is commonly used for most all building structures, where moisture and salt isn't an issue,epoxy coated rebar is protected from corrosion where moisture and salt is consistently present like parking garages and bridges, used where the structure is meant to last as long as possible. Basalt rebar, a non steel product, a new rebar developed to make sure that the reinforcement never deteriorates or corrodes, making the concrete the weakest link.
About Curing Compounds
Curing & Seal liquid agents form a film over the concrete to prevent the water from escaping too rapidly. Think of it as a blanket over the concrete, when properly applied, provides a premium-grade film, which optimizes water retention. Curing compouns also protects by reflecting the sun’s rays to keep the concrete surface cooler and prevent excessive heat buildup, which can cause thermal cracking, produces hard, dense concrete … minimizes hair checking, thermal cracking, dusting and other defects. Offers a compressive strength significantly greater than improperly or uncured concrete. Increases tensile strength for greater resistance to cracking and surface crazing. Improves resistance to the abrasion and corrosive actions of salts and chemicals … minimizes shrinkage. Applies quickly and easily with conventional commercial spray equipment. Use of a curing compound is essential in hot climates.